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Med4Care free medical articles

 

Med4care at the service of medical information

In this section, the Med4Care group offers a series of free medical articles in the healthcare field. We hope to present concepts and topics in a way that is clear, simple and scientifically accurate. We will cover a diverse range of topics within the scope of medicine, i.e, from the most current to the most unusual ones.

We assure you that the articles are furnished by licensed medical professionals and each article contains reference bibliography.

Does Warm Weather Affect the Spread of COVID-19?

Since the start of the COVID-19 outbreak, several theories have been formulated about the sensitivity of the virus to heat. Many have supported the idea that the novel coronavirus could be susceptible to heat, hoping for its gradual disappearance as the season...

Effectiveness of Chloroquine on COVID-19 patients

After the hypotheses, the first control study is released As we have already mentioned in our previous article on chloroquine, the efficiency of its action on some viruses has been demonstrated, and the human coronavirus responsible for SARS is among these viruses....

Throat swab: What is it and how does it work?

A throat swab is a medical procedure that is used to analyze the pathogens of concern. The current historical moment is bringing to media’s attention topics such as this, which we rarely hear about. In fact, these days, we often hear about the throat swab, which is...

Throat swab: Procedure and costs

Many of you might be wondering if the swab tests that have been made are too many or too few and if they are at all useful. Not many, however, wonder about something that has not been clearly discussed so far: what are the procedures and, above all, what are the costs...

Coronavirus: how to treat “intermediate” patients

Not just an Intensive therapy!   At the beginning of the epidemic, we had reported that the main problem (reason for everyone to stay at home) was there were going to be many critically ill people all at the same time and that it wouldn’t be possible to treat...

Percentage distribution of Coronavirus cases

The percentage distribution of Coronavirus cases is beginning to emerge in more precise terms. When we described the three different typical clinical pictures, namely cases A, B, C, we were unable to establish the precise proportions of each of the patients.   To...

New criteria for admission to intensive health treatments

In the last few hours, the situation of COVID-19 in Italy and in the world has evolved rapidly, creating the conditions for developing new criteria for admission to intensive health treatments. A few hours ago an official document (1) of the resuscitating doctors was...

COVID-19: Critically Ill Patients

Respiratory failure is the primary symptom of critically ill patients affected by the COVID-19. Let's figure out more about the complications of this new coronavirus. The more we know, the better we are able to protect ourselves from this threat. The Initial Symptoms...

Warning symptoms of Coronavirus

Are there any symptoms or "warning signs" of the CODVID-19? We’ll find out together in this article.   Traditional symptoms Type B patients usually present symptoms of fever, cough, headache, and a cold. They are roughly 10-20% of the total. Type C patients, who...

Intensive Care

Intensive care or resuscitation, is a name that identifies both a place and the activity that takes place in it. Therapy is a department of a hospital in which technologically advanced therapies are put in place to support critically ill patients, when they manifest...

How vaccines are made

Vaccines are considered to be one of humanity's most important medical discoveries. The reason is simple, but not obvious: vaccines have the ability to make us immune to pathogens that, otherwise, would potentially be able to generate real pandemics. Pathogens are...

Scientific Journals

Scientific journals are highly specialized journals which publish only scientific studies.     The Scientific Study A scientific study is a written work, carried out by experts in the field, which tries to demonstrate hypotheses in a reproducible way.  ...

The Scientific Study

A scientific study is a written work, carried out by experts in the field, which tries to demonstrate hypotheses in a reproducible way.   Reproducibility A scientific study is structured and explained in such a way that it can be reproduced in other Countries and...

How to spot fake news

Do you know how to spot fake news? Follow these 4 easy steps to uncover it. When you read a news-based article try to apply this system. It is a great exercise to train your mind, and prevent the spread of misinformation! Step 1 – Emotion 1.1 Avoid an emotional...

Viral myocarditis

In this article we will discuss a specific aspect of a heart infection / inflammation called viral myocarditis. When we are hit by a virus affecting our respiratory system, Coronavirus or flu like viral infections that target the respiratory system could also lead to...

Coronavirus in the world: The Philippines

The Coronavirus epidemic has become a pandemic and affects all nations. Each state responds differently with dedicated measures and each behaves differently.   Let's take an overview of what is happening in other countries and compare events with ours.  ...

Coronavirus: Where is patient zero?

Nowadays, everyone is asking themselves: Where is the Coronavirus’ “patient zero”? Let's try to understand what the meaning of the question is and sketch out an answer. What happens when a new disease occurs? When a new disease occurs, it can become viral because the...

Coronavirus: Diagnostic testing

How is the COVID-19 diagnostic test performed? Let's find out together. The diagnostic test for the coronavirus is a laboratory test that is performed using body secretions to determine whether or not someone is infected with the virus. Which secretions can be used? ...

Chloroquine

What is it? Chloroquine is a drug consisting of a complex molecule containing three nitrogen atoms (amino groups).  Traditional uses It is used in the therapy of some parasites, such as those responsible for malaria and extraintestinal amoebiasis, such as amoeba liver...

How China defeated the coronavirus

This afternoon in the clinic, I had the opportunity to speak with two Chinese citizens. One of them is the owner of 3 Japanese restaurants, and the other who has to deal with a routine surgery, is an employee of his. From today in the outpatient clinic, you will see...

Tocilizumab: What is it?

Tocilizumab: What is it? Tocilizumab is an immunosuppressive drug, i.e. a drug that is used to reduce the body's immune response. This drug belongs to the pharmacological class of monoclonal antibodies. It was developed by the pharmaceutical company La Roche. How does...

An antibody from Holland to defeat COVID-19

A team of Dutch researchers is studying an antibody that could help defeat the coronavirus. A stroke of luck For years, Dutch researchers have been working on a monoclonal antibody developed to treat SARS. When the COVID-19 epidemic began, it was discovered that this...

Coronavirus: When is its peak?

We have heard the idea that with the measures put in place, the infection will be reduced in order to have the maximum peak of infections in about 10 days, that is, for about March 20 next. This forecast was made following the trend of the peak of infections in China,...

Coronavirus: The 3 scenarios compared

What are the three possible scenarios, the three paths that the Coronavirus epidemic could take? As an anesthesiologist, I have to deal with risk scenarios daily and apply the things I have learned from the best health risk management experts. To deal with risks, you...

Coronavirus and Ibuprofen: Yay or Nay?

Recently Olivier Veran, the French Health Minister, has suggested that people should avoid taking anti-inflammatory drugs (like ibuprofen, cortisone, etc.) because they could worsen the symptoms of the Coronavirus infection.     He suggested taking...

Why we need to close all operating rooms

Here we go again. Apparently, we still haven't learned our lesson. When things started to get difficult, I assumed that hospitals would have promptly prepared for the emergency situation that was about to come their way, but that didn't happen. Planned activities...

Coronavirus: It’s time to react!

On the 29th of February, Italy witnessed the communication of data regarding the Coronavirus infection in the country. Here we summarize the most relevant aspects: The trend of lethality is stationary around 2-2.5%* The number of critical subjects is stable at around...

Coronavirus: What to do in case of symptoms

What should we do if we are experiencing respiratory symptoms? Let’s look into some general guidelines and indications to follow. CASE B If you present symptoms such as: HIGH TEMPERATURE COUGH SORE THROAT MUSCLE PAIN With the above symptoms, it is NOT possible to...

Virus: What it is and how it works

The virus is a biological organism that is not made up of cells, such as bacteria, plants or animals, but it's built in a peculiar way. It is made like a chocolate egg with a surprise. Except the surprise is not particularly welcome for those who receive it.  ...

Coronavirus: The 3 types of symptoms

The manifestation of Coronavirus in individuals is different from case to case, but it can be summarized in 3 categories of people. Here we will explain how the virus can develop in 3 different situations, identified in 3 cases of individuals, which could be: CASE A:...

Coronavirus: Why should you stay at home?

In this article we will explain why there is no need to be afraid of the virus; because all you need to do is just to stay at home. Being an anesthesiologist, allow me to clarify why countries such as Italy are taking these drastic measures. The Coronavirus’ main...

Coronavirus: it’s officially pandemic

The World Health Organization has officially assigned to Coronavirus the status of PANDEMIC on the 11th of March 2020. What does this statement imply? Let's find out together.   DEDICATED FUNDS One of the first immediate changes is the fact that the WHO can...

Coronavirus 2019: therapeutic goals

Therapies: How do you kill the Coronavirus? Use of antivirals In various countries of the world, people infected with the virus, in particular the most serious ones, are undergoing tests with combinations of drugs used in HIV and flu virus therapy. In Thailand The...

Coronavirus: first steps towards the vaccine

As already highlighted on several occasions, the strategies to combat Coronaviruses currently are: prevention antiviral therapies vaccines Vaccines are the most effective strategy to eradicate a virus. When a population is vaccinated, the virus can no longer find a...

Coronavirus: genome variability analysis

Are there many different types of coronaviruses? Does Coronavirus change easily? Are there particular regions more or less prone to mutation? These are the questions asked by two Italian researchers, Federico Giorgi and Carmine Ceraolo, in a study that was recently...

Masks: Not just a trend

With the recent news on the spread of the "Wuhan coronavirus" people have been buying masks to protect themselves from it. But some questions about masks have been raised: Will wearing a mask protect us from the virus? How do we know which mask to buy? Are we wearing...

The real danger of the Coronavirus

In this article, we answer the question: Why is the Coronavirus considered dangerous, if it just basically resembles the flu? The two main characteristics that distinguish a virus are lethality and infectivity. For convenience, we have placed both parameters in a...

Pandemics in the human history

What is a major epidemic and how does it happen? Let us try to understand it better by retracing the devastating infectious diseases in human history.   Epidemic and Pandemic When an infection spreads significantly, it is called an epidemic. When it affects a...

Virus from China: is it a real emergency?

These days the news that rebounds from China about the Coronavirus epidemic is of major concern. But is the situation so serious that it is a real emergency for China and for the world or are these fears exaggerated? In order to be able to start answering these...

Shoulder pain: reasons and solutions

Peter loved tennis, now, he "hangs the racket on a nail". Antonio worked for 30 years as a farmer, now, he must delegate many jobs. James was a social health worker, now, he carries out small tasks. Maria was a very active grandmother, now, she cannot play with her...

Dangerous rendezvous in the sea: weever fish

Among the least favorable rendezvous that we all might have during summer in a beach or while at sea is that with the Weever fish, also known as “spider fish”. Is it really that dangerous as many would say? Can it be avoided? And what should be done in the event of a...

Hot beverages – are they good for your health?

This morning, the Care family had a strange surprise at the breakfast table: a curious scientist showed up at her doorstep to measure the temperature of the tea they were drinking! Is it really that bad? Well, not at all times. But certainly, if your tea is as hot as...

Ice on burns: false myth or truth? Cold burns

If unfortunately, we got a slight burn, which in technical terms is called burn, there are various do-it-yourself remedies that are often recommended to ease the discomfort. Ice is one of these. But is putting ice on a burn a false myth or a real remedy? Let's find...

Mushroom poisoning: how to prevent or intervene

How do we prevent mushroom poisoning, and, if it happens, how should we intervene? Let's find out together! When mushrooms are poisonous ... Sometimes even an expert collector can be misled, and instead of edible and harmless mushrooms, poisonous species end up on the...