An intensive care bed is a focus of technology that we never imagined. The ICU bed is part of the ICU bedside tool. Let’s find out what special features it has and what activities it allows to perform on patients.
A focus of technology
The difference of an ICU bed compared to other beds in hospital wards is the large amount of technology it has inside. These technological electrical mechanisms allow to position the patient in many different ways by simply resorting to the pressure of some specific commands, without having to move the patient himself, avoiding to subject him to the risks consequent to his movement on the bed.
There are some clinical conditions that require frequent position changes.
For example, a patient who has lung secretions that need to be systematically removed can benefit greatly from the frequent change of position. In this case the patient must be tilted sideways to the right or left, alternately.
With the simple press of a command it is thus possible to tilt the patient to the right or left, so that the secretions move by gravity and do not remain inside the lung to create problems and are more easily removed.
Risks of manual position changes
What is the advantage of electric control? However, you could move the patient manually, taking the patient physically moving right or left, perhaps with the support of cushions etc. However these steps are very complex and dangerous, because patients are often not free to move, they have a large amount of cannulas that enter or leave the body for different purposes. Moving them would seriously jeopardize all these cannulas and the same positioning is a potentially very dangerous medical act. Here, being able to mechanically put a patient to the side using the mechanisms of the bed, with the mattress and everything is very useful, comfortable for the staff and more effective.
The sitting position
The sitting position of the bed is also essential, for example for patients who need to breathe independently after being ventilated for a long time and for whom this position is useful for reducing respiratory fatigue, especially for patients with heart problems.
The leg-up position (Trendelemburg position)
The leg-up position is important for the patient in a hospital and even more so in intensive care. It consists in placing the patient with the legs raised above the trunk
The emergency button for CPR
For emergency such as cardiac arrest, cardiac massage must be performed. This operation must be carried out on a rigid surface. If the bed is in a different position, it must be immediately returned to a neutral position. This is the purpose of the CPR key, which immediately returns all parts of the bed to the standard position in a very short time.
The integrated battery
Most electric beds must be connected to the power outlet to function. So can a battery that allows you to be able to perform movements without connecting it to electricity useful?
Yes, because the ICU beds do not always remain in the ICU: it happens that some patients have to undergo investigations. For example CT, magnetic resonances, hemodynamics procedures, etc, which cannot be performed in the ICU, but in other dedicated areas of the hospital. In this case the patient must move from the intensive care unit to his bed. It may be necessary during the transfer, or in the elevator, to carry out maneuvers. Then change the position of the bed with the battery electric controls. When the patient is transferred, it is as if the entire intensive care unit is moving to assist him: in general, an anesthesiologist, nurse and assistant move with him, he is connected to a monitor, he is connected to a portable fan, there are drugs injection pumps and everything you need are available for any situation.
The mattress is also an important component of the ICU bed. There are the standard and anti-decubitus ones for patients who are already supposed to remain hospitalized for a long time, to prevent bedsores from developing.
How much does an ICU bed cost?
A modern bed with a great deal of technology and mechanisms can cost between $10,000 and $20,000. Much also depends on the size and weight of the bed itself: the more contained the higher the costs, because it means that the mechanisms are smaller and less heavy to obtain the same results.
Dr. Marco De Nardin